Day Questions

There are two traditions that I have come across, and I would like to know which books they can be found in, and which of the Sunni books have reported them: 1. Innal Husayn Misbahul Huda wa Safinatun Najaa 2. Al-Husayn Minniy wa Ana Minal Husayn.

The first narration is narrated in the book al-Maqtal authored by Al-Turayhi who narrated it from Ubay bin Kaab. The content of the said narration, i.e. that Hussein is a light of guidance to the truth and whoever follows him will be saved from misguidance, is one of those concepts that is found in many narrations about the Ahlulbait, like the tradition of al-Thaqalain and the tradition of al-Safeenah and others. The second tradition is narrated in many Sunni and Shia sources of narrations; Ahmad bin Hanbal mentioned it in his Musnad (vol. 4, p. 174), as well as al-Tirmidhi (vol. 5, p. 324), Mustadrak al-Hakim (vol. 3, p. 177), and many more.

Is a temporary marriage contract valid if there was no witness at the time the man and woman recited the contract formula?

Yes, it is valid without witnesses, as it is not necessary in a marriage contract.

Does a temporary marriage contract only become valid when the woman realizes that it is a marriage with religious commitments? Or is it not obligatory for the woman to realize this? As mentioning this may strongly cause some women to not wish to go forth with it anymore due to how serious it sounds. If the answer is yes, then can it be said in other words?

If the two parties agreed on forming a marriage contract between them in such a way that the paid money is considered as dower like the permanent marriage, then the marriage is valid. If she understands that the relationship allows her to have sexual acts in return for a fee, then it is adultery. The same can be said if she understands the relationship as a form of friendship.