The Power of Divorce
Question :

Does Islam allow the wife to have the power to divorce her husband?

Answer :

Islam has not established marriage in such a way. Islam has legislated marriage in a manner that gives the husband the right of divorce, as well as the financial obligations and other responsibilities.

Short Pants
Question :

Can a mature man wear short pants (up to his knees or a little above), in public?

Answer :

It is not part of the pubic area that men should cover when they are in public unless such a thing subjects the person to be humiliated then it becomes prohibited.

Innate Believing in Allah
Question :

I would like to know if the fact of believing in Allah is innate.

Answer :

There is no doubt that believing in Almighty Allah is innate. This belief grew up with the human being. Such feeling could be weakened or even dissolve as a result of outside affections like the environment or substantial subjection to fallacies. Having said that, many people who live in an atheistic material environment when they face crises, this innate belief strengthens in them as they are compelled to believe in Allah and seek refuge and help from Him. The Holy Quran confirmed this truth in many verses. Almighty Allah said: "And when harm touches you upon the sea, all unto whom you cry (for succor) fail save Him (alone), but when He brings you safe to land, you turn away, for man was ever thankless" (17:67).

Prayers in Kufa and Karbala
Question :

What are the rulings of the prayer of the traveler in Kufa and Karbala? Do they have the choice of offering full prayers? Is Najaf considered to be within Kufa?

Answer :

The traveler is permitted to choose between offering a full or shortened prayer in the “haair” of Imam Hussain (peace be upon him), and based on an obligatory precaution it is the place under the dome above the holy grave of the Imam and not beyond this area. This ruling does not include the city of Karbala at large.
As for Najaf, it is not within the city of Kufa, so this law does not apply and shortened prayers is obligatory on the travelers in Najaf.

Without the Permission
Question :

If the father of a girl marries her off, without her approval, is the marriage valid?

Answer :

If she subsequently agrees to the marriage then it will be valid. However, if she does not agree to this marriage, then it is void.

The Guardian
Question :

Can a brother or any relative of a girl – apart from her guardian – arrange her marriage?

Answer :

If she appointed him to act on her behalf and she approved the marriage, then the marriage is valid.

Divine Revelation
Question :

Did divine revelation continue for the Infallible Imams after the Prophet (peace be upon them all)?

Answer :

The Prophethood and divine revelations of legislations ended at the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny), but some narrations indicate that angels speaks to the Imams (peace be upon them) and inform them what takes place and what will take place. The Quran also speaks of the continuation of the descending of the angels during the Night of Qadr every year, which indicates that there is someone that receives certain information that night, which is clearly the Twelfth Imam (peace be upon him) in our time. This is further evidence from the Quran of his existence.

Evidence of the Imam
Question :

Is there any evidence of our Twelfth Imam (peace be upon him) in the Quran?

Answer :

It is not correct to expect to have evidences of beliefs from the Holy Quran explicitly and in clear text form. It is clear that the Prophet (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) is perfect and infallible. In addition to that, Allah explicitly declared that he “he does not speak of (his own) desire” (53:3). Because of this the Muslims believe in all that is established to be the Prophet’s words. And we find traditions of the Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) in the Muslims’ books about Imam Mahdi (peace be upon him) and that he is from the offspring of Imam Husain (peace be upon him).

Pig's Fat
Question :

If any product contains fat from pigs, can they be consumed, even if it is in very small quantity?

Answer :

If the product contains Najasah even by a little amount, like the mentioned pig fat, then it is Najis and prohibited to consumed.

Paying Kaffara
Question :

Where can I give the food that I want to pay as Kaffara and be sure that it will be given to the poor?

Answer :

If you could not find needy Shia believers, you could pass the cost of the food to the offices of the Marji in order to be given as food to the needy believers.

Fragrance in Itikaf
Question :

Regular soap and toothpaste has fragrance in it; can it be used by those sitting in itikaf?

Answer :

It is not allowed for the person during the state of itikaf to smell fragrance with enjoyment. Based on an obligatory precaution a person during the state of itikaf should completely avoid all kinds of fragrance. If the use of toothpaste causes this, one should refrain from it, if it does not then it is permissible.

Fasting Two Consecutive Months
Question :

I am a woman and need to pay Kaffarah. If I want to fast for two consecutive months, is it still valid even though I will be menstruating within this period of two months?

Answer :

Being in the state of menstruation does not affect the condition of fasting consecutively.

Fasting of a Pregnant Woman
Question :

Is it obligatory for a pregnant woman to fast in the month of Ramadhan?

Answer :

If fasting harms the pregnant mother or her fetus, it is permissible for her to break the fast and make up the missed days later. If it does not harm her or the fetus then it is obligatory on her to fast.

The Age of Adulthood
Question :

What is the age of religiously recognized adulthood?

Answer :

Religious adulthood is recognized for the male by any of the following three, whichever happen first:
1. The presence of hard hair on his face or in the pubic area.
2. The release of semen, whether it was during a wet dream or when awake.
3. The completion of fifteen lunar years.
The female reaches adulthood when she completes the age of nine lunar years.

A Ring with the Holy Names
Question :

I have a ring which has the names of the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them) inscribed on the top of the stone. This means that I have to take care of not allowing Najasah to touch it, and I should not touch it without wudhu, and I have to take it off whenever I enter the toilet. It is not always possible to remove my ring. What do you suggest?

Answer :

We advise you to have a ring that does not have any holy name written on it, which you are free to wear in any place, and wear the mentioned ring with the holy names written on it when you are praying.

Becoming a Mujtahid
Question :

When I go to study in Najaf, then what do I have to study to become a Mujtahid?

Answer :

Ijtihad is not a goal that a student should have from the beginning. A believer should aim to fulfill the religious responsibilities of upholding the orders of the Sharia; one of them is learning the Islamic laws and teaching them. This could be achieved by learning more about the religion – and not necessarily reaching the level of Ijtihad – by which a believer could serve the Right Path. One could serve the religion and be a role model amongst his society, family and friends by being obedient to the Islamic laws and by spreading the religious teachings in the areas where he resides.
Ijtihad is a talent that can be achieved by studying with the guidance of Almighty Allah. A religious student should study hard and make use of his time as much as possible. If he achieves this, then he can thank Almighty Allah for this bounty. If he does not, he can still serve the religion.

Different Laws of Sharia
Question :

Do Mujtahids differ in the laws of the prayer? For example one tells us to pray this way and another tells us to pray another way?

Answer :

It is natural to have different derivations as people differ in their understanding of a single text, whereas the Mujtahids deal with numerous texts, plus the fact that as time passes further away from the time of the texts, fallacies and probabilities increase. From this, the mission of a Mujtahid becomes harder and his responsibility becomes greater in protecting the religion in a correct way and to the greatest possible extent. The oppressors and the liars throughout the times have made obstacles for us in obtaining the truths from the Imams (peace be upon them) which made the mission of the Mujtahids more difficult. Therefore some variations are to be expected.

Difference in Edicts
Question :

According to another Marja synthetic alcohol is Tahir and it is allowed to use perfume containing such alcohol; however, Sayyed Al-Hakeem considers alcohol as Najis. Both of them are Marjas of Taqleed, so why are their verdicts opposite? I am following Sayyed Al-Hakeem, so what should I do?

Answer :

The difference in deriving the laws between religious jurists naturally originates from their difference in understanding the religious texts or considering some of them over the others. His Eminence, Sayyid Al-Hakeem (may Allah prolong his life) sees that alcohol is Najis, if it is an intoxicant and naturally liquid. Based on this, the prayer is invalid if the praying person’s body or clothes came in contact with it.
So if you follow his Eminence, the mentioned law should be observed.

Difference of Opinion
Question :

There are sometimes differences of opinion amongst the Marjas. For one Marja taking some money – for example, by way of winning a prize in a lottery – will be unlawful, and according to another Marja taking it will be lawful. What is the reason of these differences? Secondly, if I take this money, according to my Marja who has allowed it, and on the Day of Judgment it becomes known that the verdict of my Marja was wrong and the others were right, how will this be judged?

Answer :

It is natural to have a difference of opinions amongst the scholars of any field, not just Fiqh. This is based on a number of factors, particular to each field. The layman has to act upon the edicts of the Marja he is following, and Allah will excuse him if his Marja was not correct.

Incorrectly Recalled Edicts
Question :

If one quotes an edict of a Marja for somebody else, and later realizes that he has recalled incorrectly, is it obligatory upon him to inform the person?

Answer :

It is obligatory to inform the misinformed person if the latter is expected to act upon it.