His Eminence, Grand Ayatollah Al-Hakeem, Speaks of the Life of Imam Ali (Peace be upon him)

His Eminence, Grand Ayatollah Al-Hakeem, Speaks of the Life of Imam Ali (Peace be upon him)

His Eminence, Grand Ayat0llah Muhammad Saeed Al-Hakeem, spoke to a group of students of Islamic sciences on a few aspects of the life of Imam Ali (peace be upon him), and about the hardships and tribulations he and his Shi’ahs faced, because of their steadfastness on their principles that originated from the teachings of the Holy Quran and the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny).

He spoke about Hadith al-Thaqlayn, in which the Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) said: “I indeed leave behind amongst you two weighty things: the Holy Book, and my progeny, the Ahlulbait; as long as you hold on to both, you will never go astray.”

He spoke of the fortitude of the Shi’ahs, the followers of Amir al-Momineen (Peace be upon him) in staying upon the Truth, despite the pressures and injustices they faced. There came a point when their enemies thought they could finally eradicate true Islam, the Islam that was founded upon the divinely-ordained authority of the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them). However, their strength made them a well-known respected nation.

His Eminence spoke of other critical moments that the Shi’ahs have faced, such as the recent Baathist regime. This despotic regime turned its attention to the Seminary of Najaf and began expelling foreign students and scholars. Then it began arresting and assassinating the Iraqi students and scholars, until this city became almost empty of students and scholars, except a few who insisted on continuing their duties. The religious seminary suffered greatly and lost many great scholars. The 90s passed with its hardships, but with the fall of the regime the Seminary of Najaf has returned to its former state to play its role in the study, teaching and research of Islamic sciences, the propagation of the path of the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them) and in leading the Shi’ahs.

His Eminence concluded by praying to the Almighty to help and support the students of the Seminary to pursue their studies with sincerity to Him, and in fulfilling their responsibilities in a manner that pleases God, and that they are in their guidance of the Imam (may God hasten his reappearance), and that they see the rewards of their work in this life and the Hereafter.

Day Questions

Many years ago, when I was 12 or 13 years ago, I stole something from my relative. I was immature then, but I know what I did was wrong and deeply regret it. Admitting this to them will create major problems between families. I have sincerely repented from this kind of sun, but is this enough?

You should return what you took from them. If those items are not present, you should give something similar. If this is not possible, then the value of the stolen items should be given. They don’t need to know it’s from you, or that it is you returning what you had stolen.

If my shoes become najis by stepping into najasah, can I make my shoes tahir by rubbing them on the earth?

Earth can only make the soles of the shoes, the feet and the like tahir by walking on them, provided that the najasah was caused by walking on the earth. Earth can make things tahir when it is dry, and based on an obligatory precaution it must be tahir itself.

What are the rulings regarding interest charged on loans to cushion against inflation and loss of value of currency and to cater for this inflation and loss of value?

Conventionally, lending is based on a specific numerical value of a currency, not the market rate of that value. For example, if $100 is borrowed, $100 is to be returned, despite any increase or decrease of the value of the dollar or any inflation. Therefore, any interest charge on a loan to cushion against inflation and loss of value is regarded as interest and the rulings pertaining to interest applies. It is not permissible to take interest from private Muslim banks. It is permissible from banks owned by the government, but one must not intend to have a contractual relationship, and when the interest money is received, one should receive it on behalf of the Marjia. It is also permissible to receive interest from non-Muslim banks.

Sometimes I doubt as to whether the dirt under the fingernails is extended to the outside of the nail or not, which would then require me to remove it before performing wudhu, moreover it is very hard to remove it sometimes. Can I ignore this doubt?

It is not obligatory to remove the dirt under the nail, since this area is not part of wudhu or ghusl. If the dirt prevents water from reaching the skin in parts of wudhu and ghusl, it must be removed; one can use material that removes such substances in the conventional way, and one need not focus on this beyond that. However, if a person has a reasonable doubt whether there is any substance that is forming a barrier between the water and the skin, then he should remove it to ensure that water reaches the skin.