His Eminence, Grand Ayatollah al-Hakeem, receives the Lebanese Ambassador to Iraq

His Eminence, Grand Ayatollah al-Hakeem, receives the Lebanese Ambassador to Iraq

His Eminence Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Muhammed Saeed al-Hakeem received Mr. Ali Adib al-Habhab, the Ambassador of Lebanon in Baghdad, along with his aides, on Sunday 5 May 2019.

Day Questions

These days many people have been saying that we don’t do a blind taqleed and we follow those rules of a Marja which is not against Quran or the narrations. Is it a right thing to say? How do normal humans like us who are busy in daily lives can measure the verdict of a Marja on the Quran and the narration?

The emulation that Shias do is not a blind emulation. It is, rather, based on vision and wisdom, since everybody is asked to observe the Sharia and act upon its obligations and refrain from what it prohibits; and at the same time, a normal Muslim does not possess the specialized capabilities to know the laws of the religion; it becomes natural for those who are not experts in this field to refer to the jurist who specializes in deriving the rulings of the Sharia after exerting great efforts in order to reach religious conclusions. This process is commonly practiced by normal people all the time, when they refer - in the aspects that require scientific efforts – to those who specialize in the specific fields, like medical doctors and engineers, and they act upon their findings and conclusions.

My question is regarding the status of Ayesha bint Abi Bakr. I recently had a heated argument whereby this person who is also a Shia claimed that Shias must address Ayesha bint Abi Bakr as Umm Al Mumineen as it was addressed by Allah in the Quran. Should Shias call her Umm Al Mumineen?

Holy Quran called the wives of the Prophet (peace be upon him and holy progeny) as the mothers of believers. There is no doubt that this name applies to them, but there is no obligation to mention it every time the name of a wife is mentioned and this does not mean that they are excluded from committing sins. Everyone Allah Almighty creates is subject to the general divine rule that everyone bears the responsibilities of their actions, as Almighty Allah said: "And whoso doeth good an atoms weight will see it then, And whoso doeth ill an atoms weight will see it then." (99:7-8).

Do I have to follow one Marja in a particular issue, or can I follow more than one in that issue, choosing one of their edicts?

If the edicts of the Marjas are different in any particular issue, one must follow the most knowledgeable. If his opinion is an obligatory precaution, one has a choice of following him by acting upon the precaution or referring to another Marja provided that the latter is more knowledge than the rest of the Marjas.

I have been working and earning money for some time, but never paid Khums. Is it still obligatory on me to pay Khums on my minor monthly savings at the end of each year? Is it true that I need to fix a date in a year and calculate how much Khums is due on that date every year?

Yes, this is true; you should determine the beginning of the Khums year, which is a set date ever year. For the past period in which the Khums has not been paid, you will need to agree with your Marji or his agent on an appropriate set date and to calculate the due Khums accordingly. Additional to this, you will need to pay the Khums of all unused items in your possession, include money you have in your hands as cash and what you have saved in the bank. Once the due Khums has been paid, you are left with 80% of the original amount. Khums will not be paid on this 80% remainder again, and you are to calculate the next Khums payment on any further savings at the next set date.