His Eminence, Grand Ayatollah al-Hakeem, receives the Japanese Ambassador to Iraq and Clarifies the Importance of Entrenching the Correct Religious Understandings in Societies.

His Eminence, Grand Ayatollah al-Hakeem, receives the Japanese Ambassador to Iraq and Clarifies the Importance of Entrenching the Correct Religious Understandings in Societies.
2019/04/23

His Eminence Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Mohammed Saeed al-Hakeem received Mr. Naufumi Hashimoto, the new Ambassador of Japan to Iraq, on Tuesday 23 April 2019.

His Eminence clarified to the guest the importance of entrenching the correct religious understandings in societies, in order to safeguard the society from the destruction lofty moral codes.

His Eminence explained the role of Marji'iyya and the Hawza (Islamic Seminary) in having the correct religious, humanitarian and ethical understandings firmly rooted amongst people, in order for them to preserve their identity. Thus society can keep to the great values of Islam which come from the instructions of God Almighty in the Holy Quran and the lives of the Holy Infallibles (peace be upon them). Through attaching oneself to such values, one will be able to defend himself, his land and those things which he deems sanctified, without the need of having such weaponry that the enemies may have, in terms of preparedness and quantity. He reverts to his origin in his religion, his creed and his noble values.

Were it not for all this, people of Iraq would not have been able to defeat the great challenges that they faced of recent times.

His Eminence also mentioned the necessity and importance of communication between different human communities.

The guest expressed his utmost happiness in having this opportunity to meet him, and appreciated the positive role of Marji'iyya in serving society.

Day Questions

Are humans creators of their deeds, or is God the creator of the human's deeds? If the latter is the case, then how can humans be judged for their deeds that God programmed them to do?

There is no doubt that humans act out of their choice and their will. Thus, the good-doer is praised and the evil-doer is dispraised. If humans were like machines such that their acts are under compulsion, then praising those who do good and dispraising those who commit bad deeds would be meaningless. However, all of this is within the boundaries of Almighty God’s power. He gave the human beings the freedom of choice and will hold them accountable for it, and He can take this ability away from anyone whenever He wishes, and there is no power or strength but from God Almighty. The Imams of the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them) explained this belief in their famous narration: “There is no compulsion [from Allah on the humans], nor there is complete delegation (from Him for them without them being under His power), but a matter in between.”

May a person celebrate his or somebody else's birthday?

Yes, it is permissible, provided that this does not involve another prohibition.

I came across many traditions of Imams of the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them) about Ghusl, Purification and Ablution in an authentic book. These traditions are being highly descriptive and specific about fundamental things in Fiqh. Is it permissible for me to follow the rulings of imams (peace be upon them) about the aforementioned things and follow the ruling of my Marja in other matters that cannot be found in traditions through authentic sources?

You should follow the scholar that reached the level of Ijtihad and fulfills all the other conditions of the Marji, since the derivation of the religious verdicts from the traditions require a great amount of knowledge and experience, and the religious jurists are those who have the experience and knowledge that they gain from full time learning of these particular subjects.