Day Questions

What is the philosophy of Infallibility? Is it true that the Shia believe that the Prophet and the Imams (peace be upon them) cannot make mistakes?

There is no dispute amongst the followers of the Ahlul-bait (peace be upon them) that the Prophets and the Imams are sinless, in such a way that they do not commit what opposes the religion. Our scholars have explained in their books of beliefs the evidences to prove this concept. There is no doubt that the Prophet and the Imam are appointed by Almighty Allah. He has ordered people to follow them. So, if it is possible for them to commit sins, they might order people to do so as well and people have to follow them. So their orders would not be trusted to be from Almighty Allah, and He will not order us to follow somebody who can misguide us. Similarly, they are to be taken by their followers as role models. If they were to commit sins, others will be encouraged to do the same.

For performing Umrah on behalf of somebody else, does the performer have to form the intention of Umrah Mufradah for such-and-such person, or is just the intention of Umrah sufficient?

It is sufficient to intend to perform the Umrah on behalf of somebody else. Mentioning their individual names is not obligatory.